Thyroid gland disorders are increasing in part due to environmental pollution. Symptoms associated with hypothyroidism are not specific and the condition often goes undetected. Herbal medicine can reduce some symptoms and improve the function of the thyroid gland in both hyper and hypothyroidism.
Bugleweed (Lycopus europaeus)
In a 2013 study, 403 patients with mild hyperthyroidism were given an extract of bugleweed. There was a statistically and clinically significant improvement in the symptoms without any major side effects. Because of bugleweed’s effectiveness in alleviating mild hyperthyroidism, some experts believe it can gradually replace regular doses of maintenance medications like methimazole or PTU.
Ashwaganda (Withania somnifera)
This is an herb with antioxidant properties that acts on the thyroid gland to optimise thyroid hormone production.
Bacopa (Bacopa monniera)
Researchers confirm the potency of bacopa as a thyroid stimulating drug to fight hypothyroidism. It has been found to regulate thyroid hormone concentrations by as much as 41% without adverse effects.
Siberian Ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus)
Siberian Ginseng is an adaptogenic herb. As a result many people with hypo or hyperthyroidism can benefit from taking this herb.
Bladderwrack (Fucus vesiculosus)
This seaweed contains high levels of natural iodine which stimulate the thyroid gland. Bladderwrack can help in restoring the normal functioning of the thyroid gland as well as reducing the size of thyroid goiters.
Flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum)
Flaxseeds are rich in essential fatty acids, especially omega-3 fatty acids. A University of Maryland Medical Center study found that consuming foods rich in Omega 3 fatty acids such as flaxseed helped boost the production of thyroid hormones.
Black Walnut (Juglans nigra)
Black walnut is considered as one of the richest sources of iodine. Research shows that it is an essential nutrient with a vital role in optimising the health and functioning of the thyroid glands.
Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis)
Research shows that this herb is useful in normalizing the activities of overactive thyroid glands. It reduces the production of thyroid hormones by inhibiting the action of TSH and eases the symptoms associated with hyperthyroidism.
Motherwort (Leonurus cardiac)
This herb is effective in the symptomatic treatment of hyperthyroidism when nervousness and palpitations are part of the patient’s symptoms.